What Is Multi Factor Authentication (MFA). Know All About It

Passwords aren’t good enough for securing your profiles from people who want to harm you on a technological level and cash out all the private information you may carry in them. Malicious attacks against governments, companies, and individuals are more and more common. And there are no signs that the hacks, data breaches, and other forms of cybercrime are slowing down! Online sites and apps must offer tighter security. And, whenever possible, consumers should get in the habit of protecting themselves with something that’s stronger than just a password. For many, that extra level of security is multi factor authentication.

What is multi factor Authentication?

Multi-factor authentication(MFA) is defined as an authentication method that requires the user two or more credentials in order to authenticate their identity to gain access to a resource. These credentials take from any user name, password, biometric verification, location, numerical codes, and time. Multi-factor authentication is a strong identity and access management policy. 2FA and 3FA are parts of multi-factor authentication.

Types Of Multi-Factor authentication

Most MFA  refers to five types of authentication. Authentication is generally expressed in the following categories:

knowledge
This is the first category of multi factor authentication which depends on something you know. In order to open an account user must have some knowledge about the account, he/she is trying to open, like, Email address, User-name, User-id, etc, and the Password that goes along with them, without having access to that information nobody can’t complete the first step. This factor generally includes passwords, PINs, combinations, code words, or secret handshakes.
possession
This is the second category of the multi-factor authentication. In the era of online hackers no amount of information is not safe, matter not how safely it is kept, so now, smart securities incorporated themselves with a physical procession, which one must carry with them to complete the authentication process, this physical thing can be a one time OTP send to the personnel mobile, a smartphone with special authentication app or it can be any special card like employment Ids or something similar. This extra step drastically increases the level of security one could get with only Ids and Passwords, a Two-step safety features ends there. This factor includes all items that are physical objects, such as keys, smartphones, smart cards, USB drives, and token devices.
inherence
Multi Factor Authentication model has one more step to boost the level of safety even further, that is the last of the Three factor authentication. That includes any part of the body that can be used for authentication like Facial Recognition, Voice Recognition, Fingertips Identification, Retina Recognition etc. or in other words it uses a person’s own body as an identification factor, and that’s how a three-factor authentication is completed.
place
Location-based Multi-factor Authentication usually targets a user’s IP address and, if possible, their geo-location. This information can be used to simply block a user’s access if their location information does not match what is specified on a whitelist or it might be used as an additional form of authentication in addition to other factors such as a password or OTP to confirm that user’s identity.
time
Another approach to Multi factor Authentication that can improve usability while maintaining security involves fine-tuning the TTL (Time to Live) of the different authentication factors. In this case, the user logs on for the first time with two or more factors so that MFA is established from the beginning. If the user continues to use the same browser and a trusted device, however, it may be unnecessary for the user to go through this entire process again for an extended period of time.

Importance Of Multi factor Authentication

1. Multi-factor authentication improves security, ranging from individual user to a whore organization.

2. It’s a growing threat to all businesses. MFA makes identity theft harder.

3. MFA can safeguard user credentials.

4. It can minimize the opportunities for hackers to gain unauthorized access.

5. Other cybersecurity tools, like antivirus is only as strong as their user authentication procedures. MFA can make improves security.

Conclusion

Security for internet-accessible devices is a crucial issue in the era. Simultaneous MFA method with dynamic complexity provides high security while allowing convenient access for authorized users. Using integral or cloud solution, decide the level of solution. Multi-factor authentication gives you a flexible way to balance customer experience with today’s security requirements.

Soumyajit Saha

Soumyajit is addicted to quality and has a passion for turning data into meaningful information. As a forward-thinking, technology-driven, and brilliantly creative software Analyst and Tester, he knows what it takes to ‘productize’ an IT solution or concept. Experienced in functional testing, quality testing, and front-end testing for Software Quality Assurance (SQA). Skilled at analyzing logs, generating thorough reports, and identifying any failures. Besides being a tech freak, he loves football and has a deep interest in Arts and Painting. Besides being a tech freak, I love football and have a deep interest in Arts and Painting.

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